All right. Welcome to the Table Talk podcast. We have an all Ohio team with us today. So we have our pharmacist, Lauren Castle, and also Lindsay Dalton, who are Buckeyes, at least currently. Lauren did grow up in the state up north, which we won't talk about, but as far as today goes, we are going to talk about probiotics and prebiotics and symbiotics, all the biotics that you hear about.
You've heard that it's good to take a probiotic and there are so, so many options out there right now in the, in the world, really. I can't even imagine how much money the industry of probiotic sales is in a year. And so we're gonna sort of break it down for you today of like, what is a probiotic?
What is a prebiotic, what is the word symbiotic even mean? And how do we use these? When is the best time to use them? And when maybe do we need help finding the right product in versus just picking the random probiotic off the shelf or off the website? So we're gonna dive in a little bit to, we did a post a while back as part of a series on probiotics that we talked about, sort of what is a probiotic, and we called it probiotics 101.
So we'll link that for you in our show notes. But really, probiotics are defined as live microorganisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, can confer a benefit to the host. So, these microorganisms are bacteria from different strains. We're gonna talk a little bit more specifics about strains in a little bit.
But they help us do a variety of things. So they help us process our nutrients. They help us metabolize certain vitamins. They help us even kick off some endocrine responses. So as far as like feeling full and telling our body to make insulin or a certain hormone that actually contributes to telling our bodies to make insulin, specifically thinking about some of the bifidobacteria on, on GLP one.
So lots of potential effects that they're having in our gut and we're finding so much more research lately about the more diverse your microbiome is. So the more different types of microorganisms, the actual better we are as far as healthy. That's why we talk about the gut all the time, and we get into those really you know, details about this.
So, probiotic, the word comes from the Latin word pro being for. And then there's a Greek adjective for bioticus, which means fit for life or lively. So put together, this means probiotics are for life. So we really need these microorganisms in our gut to have a healthy life. And so, does everyone need a probiotic?
Maybe not. If you've got a great diverse microbiome that's fed by prebiotics and lots of good fibers, which we'll talk about, you may not need a probiotic, but there may be times when that might be beneficial. So really using probiotics can enhance our gut's ability to do a better job especially if your gut may be deficient in certain strains, and that's really where gut testing which we're gonna talk about on another podcast may come into